In this tutorial, we will discuss network types means we understand what are the different types of networks? so let’s discuss
What is a Network?
A network is a communication between two or more computer devices means when two or more devices are connected to each other for the purpose of communication is called a network.
Also Read: What is a network and why we need it?
Types of Network
There are many different types of networks available. Network is not the only internet means the internet is also a network but there are many different ways we can create a network means if we connect two computers this is also a network or if we use Bluetooth for file sharing this is also a network so, in this tutorial, we talk about many other different types of network.
Network can be differentiated by their size, structure, distance, and purpose.
Networks can be divide by their geographical area and number of computers. So networks are divided mainly of four types:
- PAN (Personal Area Network)
- LAN (Local Area Network)
- MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)
- WAN (Wide Area Network)
PAN (Personal Area Network)
PAN means a personal area network is the smallest network which is very personal to a user. This network use in the personal space of a person that’s why this network name is a personal area network. This network normally ranges within around 10 meters.
Personal area network may include Bluetooth enable devices or infrared enable devices. So when we connect two devices using Bluetooth for data transfer then we create a network in our personal space. All the Bluetooth devices like keyboard, mouse, Bluetooth-enabled headphones, speakers, etc all are the network which is used in the personal area.
Infrared enable devices like TV remote, cordless keyboard/mouse, infrared touch screen are also a part of the personal area network.
LAN (Local Area Network)
Local area network is a network, which is used in local areas means it is a small network that covers small areas like an office, school, college, building, etc.
In this network, we can connect computers, printers, servers, and other network devices.
Local area network is a privately owned network that means anyone can create this network easily we just need some cables like Ethernet cables or central devices like hub or switch.
Local area networks are capable to transfer data at very fast rates so data transfer speed over a LAN network can reach up to 1000 Mbps.
Using Ethernet cables, data transfer speed can reach up to 10 Mbps and by using FDDI or Gigabit Ethernet, data transfer speed can reach up to 1 Gbps.
Uses of Local Area Network
- LAN networks are mostly used in businesses where all business data stores in servers.
- This network can be used in factories.
- This network can be used in Schools and Colleges where all the students, teachers, staff all the data store in servers.
- This network can also be used in our homes where all the computers, mobiles, printers are connected to the routers, and these devices can exchange data.
Client/Server LANs vs Peer-to-peer LANs
A LAN network can be client/server LAN or peer-to-peer LAN.
Client/Server LANs network mostly used in business organizations where central servers are used and all the business data stored in a server. All the clients’ computers are connected to the central server where they can access data from the server.
Peer-to-peer LAN networks are mostly used in homes where all computers are connected to each other and can exchange data with each other without server.
If your home computers, tablet, mobiles, smart TV, printer, etc all are connected to your home Wi-Fi connection then you are using a LAN network and all these devices connected to your home central device and these devices can share data with each other through LAN network.
MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)
MAN means a metropolitan area network is a network, which is bigger than the local area network. MAN network is used in larger areas than LANs.
A network is said to be a MAN network when the geographical area is bigger.
In other words, When two or more than two LANs network connected for the purpose of communication than it becomes MAN network. So these types of networks are bigger than the LAN network but also smaller than the WAN network.
For Example, a business company has many branches in different locations and every branch uses a LAN network. So the company connects all these LANs networks through a telephone line so now this network becomes a MAN network.
MANs network mostly uses the fiber optic cables so this network’s data delivery rate is faster and efficient.
Uses of Metropolitan area network
- MAN networks are widely used in cable television networks, available in the whole city
- This network can be used in private industries.
- This network can be used in universities or colleges.
- This network can be used in military areas for communication.
- This network also can be used in railways or airlines
Also Read: What is network topology and its types?
WAN (Wide Area Network)
WAN means a wide area network is a wide network that means this network is used in large geographical areas like in the whole country or continent and uses common carriers like – satellite system, telephone line, etc.
In other words, when many LANs and MANs networks are connected to each other for the purpose of communication than it’s become WAN network because now the area of the network is too wide so it is called a wide area network.
This network generally covers larger distance areas (like states, countries, continent).
Actually, you are reading this article on the internet which is the largest WAN network in the world, where thousands of LAN and MAN networks connected to each other.
Frequently Asked Question: Types of Networks
Which type of network is commonly used in office, building, or campus?
LAN network is mostly is an office, building, or a campus, etc. Using this network, we can connect devices and share data with each other.
Which type of network creates by switch device?
Switch device helps to create a local network, where multiple devices can connect with switch device locally and can communicate or share data with each other easily.
How can we create a local network?
To create a local network, we just need a hub or switch device and some Ethernet cables. We also need a NIC card, which should install in every connected device.
NIC is a physical card or chip, which contains MAC addresses, helps to identify the device on the network. NIC card is important for every device, without it, that device cannot connect to the network.
What type of network is the Bluetooth device?
Bluetooth is a type of personal area network because it can only be used in our personal space. So when you share the data from the phone using the Bluetooth then you create a network called personal area network.
Bluetooth mouse, keyboard, or headphone, etc. are the example of a personal area network.
Is T.V remote a type of personal area network?
Yes, T.V remote is a personal area network, because TV remotes use either infrared network or Bluetooth network.
Which type of network is cable television?
Cable television is a type of MAN network because this type of network is mostly created in cities.