In this article, we will discuss what is sentence in English?, Parts of sentence, and Types of sentences: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, and Exclamatory sentences.
What is Sentence?
A sentence is a group of words that helps a person to express himself.
In every communication, there is a need of a group of words to communicate. Such a group of words, which can communicate a complete message is called a sentence.
- I am going to school.
- James is a doctor.
- What is your name?
- My name is Tony.
In any language,
- Letters help in making words.
- Words help in making Sentences.
- Sentences help in making Paragraphs.
Actually, a sentence is a collection of meaningful words that helps to share our thoughts or ideas with other persons.
To write or speak any language, you need words. These meaningful word helps to create a sentence which helps a person to express himself.
A sentence can be one word or more than one word, means if a single word is sufficient to express himself than that word is also a sentence.
- Mother: Do you want to go to school?
- Son: No.
- Mother: Why?
- Son: I am not feeling well today.
In the above example, all are the sentences, because all these single words are sufficient to express himself. If you convey a message in a single word, so that is also called a sentence.
A group of words doesn’t mean it makes a sentence, those words which make complete sense (you can understand), is called a Sentence.
Actually, Sentences are arranged in a systematic way that gives us complete sense.
- Rahul is reading a book. ✔
- book rahul a reading is. ✘
- John is a Good Boy. ✔
- Boy is good John. ✘
Parts of Sentence
Every sentence consists of two parts:
Subject + Predicate
A subject is what we are talking about. It can be a noun or pronoun that performs some action.
What is being told about that sentence is the subject of that sentence.
The subject is a noun or pronoun, which has been being talked about or that which is doing that work.
Predicate shows some details about the subject. It contains a verb that explains about the subject or what subject is doing and also contains objects that are affected by the subject’s actions.
- I love you.
- You are beautiful
- He opened the door.
- Rohit pushed sunny.
Types of Sentence
- Assertive or Declarative sentence (statement: fact, opinion or an idea)
- Interrogative sentence (question)
- Imperative sentence (command: order, advice, or request)
- Exclamatory sentence (exclamation)
Assertive or Declarative sentence
Those sentences make statements or assertions. These sentences can be a fact, opinion, or idea.
- John is a good boy.
- Snow is white.
- I love chocolates.
- Gold is Yellow.
- The sun rises in the east.
Such sentences are used to ask questions. If someone asks you a question than it is an interrogative sentence.
These types of sentences are asked to take information and always end with a question (?) mark.
- What is your name?
- Are you playing?
- Did he come here?
- Do you speak the truth?
Such sentences are used to permit command or request.
When someone gives you order, advice, or request, then those are imperative sentences.
- Open the door.
- Be quiet.
- Never tell a lie.
- Come to the park.
- Always respect elders.
- Never speak to me like that again.
- Everybody look!
- Relax, everybody.
- Nobody move!
- You keep out of this!
Such sentences are used to express strong emotions.
These are sudden and strong emotions, there has been an expression of a sudden feeling in the mind.
These types of sentences end with an exclamation mark (!).
- What a shame!
- Wow, he just won a gold medal!
- What a liar he is!
- My god!
- How lovely to see you!
you can read this article: What is noun? and Types of Noun