What is Sentence in English?

In this article, we will discuss what is sentence in English?, Parts of sentence, and Types of sentences: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, and Exclamatory sentences.

What is Sentence?

A sentence is a group of words that helps a person to express himself.

In every communication, there is a need of a group of words to communicate. Such a group of words, which can communicate a complete message is called a sentence.

For Example:

  • I am going to school.
  • James is a doctor.
  • What is your name?
  • My name is Tony.

In any language,

  • Letters help in making words.
  • Words help in making Sentences.
  • Sentences help in making Paragraphs.

Actually, a sentence is a collection of meaningful words that helps to share our thoughts or ideas with other persons.

To write or speak any language, you need words. These meaningful word helps to create a sentence which helps a person to express himself.


A sentence can be one word or more than one word, means if a single word is sufficient to express himself than that word is also a sentence.

For example,

  • Mother: Do you want to go to school?
  • Son: No.
  • Mother: Why?
  • Son: I am not feeling well today.

In the above example, all are the sentences, because all these single words are sufficient to express himself. If you convey a message in a single word, so that is also called a sentence.


A group of words doesn’t mean it makes a sentence, those words which make complete sense (you can understand), is called a Sentence.

Actually, Sentences are arranged in a systematic way that gives us complete sense.

Example 1:

  • Rahul is reading a book.
  • book rahul a reading is.

Example 2:

  • John is a Good Boy.   
  • Boy is good John.     


Parts of Sentence

Every sentence consists of two parts:

Subject + Predicate



A subject is what we are talking about. It can be a noun or pronoun that performs some action.

What is being told about that sentence is the subject of that sentence.

The subject is a noun or pronoun, which has been being talked about or that which is doing that work.


Predicate shows some details about the subject. It contains a verb that explains about the subject or what subject is doing and also contains objects that are affected by the subject’s actions.

For Example,

  • I love you.
  • You are beautiful
  • He opened the door.
  • Rohit pushed sunny.



Types of Sentence

  • Assertive or Declarative sentence (statement: fact, opinion or an idea)
  • Interrogative sentence (question)
  • Imperative sentence (command: order, advice, or request)
  • Exclamatory sentence (exclamation)

Types of Sentence Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamatory Sentence image 1


Assertive or Declarative sentence

Those sentences make statements or assertions. These sentences can be a fact, opinion, or idea.

For example,

  • John is a good boy.
  • Snow is white.
  • I love chocolates.
  • Gold is Yellow.
  • The sun rises in the east.

Interrogative sentence

Such sentences are used to ask questions. If someone asks you a question than it is an interrogative sentence.

These types of sentences are asked to take information and always end with a question (?) mark.

For example,

  • What is your name?
  • Are you playing?
  • Did he come here?
  • Do you speak the truth?


Imperative sentence

Such sentences are used to permit command or request.

When someone gives you order, advice, or request, then those are imperative sentences.

For example,

  • Open the door.
  • Be quiet.
  • Never tell a lie.
  • Come to the park.
  • Always respect elders.
  • Never speak to me like that again.
  • Everybody look!
  • Relax, everybody.
  • Nobody move!
  • You keep out of this!


Exclamatory sentence

Such sentences are used to express strong emotions.

These are sudden and strong emotions, there has been an expression of a sudden feeling in the mind.

These types of sentences end with an exclamation mark (!).

For example,

  • What a shame!
  • Wow, he just won a gold medal!
  • What a liar he is!
  • My god!
  • Wow!
  • How lovely to see you!


you can read this article: What is noun? and Types of Noun


Mini Quiz

Wow, he just won a gold medal!
The earth is round.
What a shame!
I am very happy now!
How old are you?
Why are you sad?
Don't eat too much.
The Sun rises in the east

Where did he go?
The sun set in the west.



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