In this article, we will discuss what is Software Engineering?, Why we need software engineering? and also discuss Software Crisis.
What is Software Engineering?
Software engineering is the subject, where we study how we can engineer the software. So before understanding software engineering, you should have basic knowledge about the software.
Software are the collection of programs that are written in some programming language. They perform some tasks and solve our problems.
You can read this article: What is software? Why we need software?
Software engineering is the study of developing software, where we study how to develop software.
In software engineering, we study how can be used our resources for developing the software in the best possible way.
The aim of software engineering is to develop the environment of professional confidence.
In software engineering, we learn about software development, we learn how we develop the software systematically.
It is the process of software development, where software engineers analyze user needs and develop the software according to the user’s requirements.
Why we need software engineering?
To engineer a software product, you have to study the subject of software engineering. This subject study is important if you want to be a software engineer.
Actually if you ask someone, what you need to develop software, he/she can say, you have to learn some programming language to develop software. But only learning a programing language, you can’t develop software. To develop a software, we also need software requirements, not only requirements we also need software blueprint design and after that, we develop software programs using the design. The work is not complete here after that we need to test our software. A good software company also maintains the software from time to time.
Software crisis is a term, which is used when many difficulties encountered in developing the computer software.
This term software cries refer, when a company faces many problems in developing software.
Software crisis term was used in the late 1960s when many companies failed to develop software projects. There were many reasons of software crises includes:
- Projects running over-budget.
- Projects running out of time which cause late delivery of software
- Poor quality of software
- Software often did not meet requirements
- Projects did not manage well and very inefficient
- Software complexity increased means Software was complex for the user
- Software cost increased compared to hardware
- Lack of communication between software developers and users.
- Lack of adequate training in software engineering
Solution of software crisis
The solution is simple to never face software crisis is software engineering practices among the engineers.
The main problem creates of software crisis is an unorganized way of work. So Software engineering is the only way that helps the software company to work in an organized manner systematically and disciplined way.
Actually learn programming only does not means you will develop good quality software. You should also understand the software engineer concept and practice it, which helps to create a professional and disciplined environment.